Sport can be performed on an amateur basis, professional or semi-professional, as the participants are invited to attend (usually by paying a salary). participation in amateur sport at a lower level is often called “grassroots sport”.
The popularity of the spectator sports recreation for the participants did not bring the sport to become an important business in itself, leading to a well-paid professional sports culture where the best participants of the show are rewarded with a good salary above about wage, those who it can amount to millions of dollars.
Some sports or individual competitions in a sport, maintain a policy of allowing amateur sport. The Olympics began with a principle of amateur competition with those who practiced a professional sport considered to have an unfair advantage over those who practiced only as a hobby. Since 1971, Olympic athletes were allowed to receive compensation and sponsorship, and since 1986, the IOC decided to make all professional athletes eligible for the Olympics, with the exception of boxing and wrestling.
Technology plays an important role in modern sports. With this being a necessary part of some sports (such as motor sports), it is used in other to improve performance. Some sports are also used to enable decision-over decision.
sports science is an academic discipline widespread and can be applied to areas such as the use of video analysis to refine the technique or equipment, such as sneakers or improved costumes competitive bathroom. The sports engineering has emerged as a discipline in 1998 with increased focus not only on the design of materials, but also the use of technology in sports, analysis and important data in portable technology. In order to control the impact of technology on fair play, organs often have special rules imposed to control the impact of the technical advantage among participants. For example, in 2010, FINA has banned costumes full bath, non-textile, because they have improved the performance of the swimmers.
The rise of technology has also enabled many decisions in sports games to be taken or examined, outfield, with another official using instant replay to make decisions. In some sports, players can now challenge decisions by officials. In football, the technology brings to decide whether a ball has crossed the goal line or not. The technology is not mandatory, but it has been used during the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, the Women’s World Cup Canada 2015, the Premier League and Bundesliga 2013-2014 2015-16. In the NFL, an arbitrator may request the revision of the stand playback, or have a coach able to launch a challenge to review the game using replays. The final decision rests with the referee. Video referee (commonly known as the official match television or TMO) can also use replays to aid in decision making in rugby (league and union). In international cricket, an arbitrator may request the third referee’s decision, and the third arbitrator makes the final decision. Since 2008, one of the judges review decision system was introduced and used in tournaments organized by the ICC, and maybe even in other games. According to the host broadcaster, a number of different technologies are used in the examination of a referee or a player, between repetitions snapshots, Hawk-Eye, Hot Spot and Snickometer in real time. Hawk-Eye is also used in court to appeal against the referee’s decisions
The precise definition of what separates a sport other recreational activities varies according to the sources. The nearest international agreement on a definition provided by SportAccord, which is the association for all major international sports federations (including the associative football, athletics, cycling, tennis, equestrian sports and more), and is the de facto representative from international sport.
SportAccord uses the following criteria to determine that a sport must:
To have an element of competition
Be in any way harmful to any living creature
Do not count on equipment provided by a single vendor (excluding exclusive games such as football Arena)
Do not count on any “luck” element specifically designed for the sport.
They also recognize that sport can be the first physical location (such as rugby or athletics), particularly the mind (like chess or go), mainly due (such as Formula 1 or motorboating), mainly coordination (eg , billiard sports), or driven mainly by animals (such as sports).
The inclusion of mental sports in the sports definitions was not universally accepted, leading to protests by government bodies with regard to the refusal of funds available for the sport. While SportAccord recognizes a small number of sports in mind, it is not open to accept any additional sportsmanship.
There was an increase in the application of the term “sport” for a wider range of non-physical challenges such as video games, esports also known, mainly because of the involvement of organized and competitive, but are not widely recognized by the traditional sports organizations . According to the Council of Europe, the European Sports Charter, the 2.The article, “Sport” means all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organized participation, aim at expressing or improving physical fitness and mental well-being, getting results in competition at all levels. “
Sports (UK) or sport (United States) are generally forms of competitive physical activities or games, or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness, offering participants and, in some cases, for the spectators. Usually, the competition or the game is between the two parties, each trying to pass each other. Some sports allow a draw; Others provide tie methods, in order to ensure a winner and a loser. A number of these bilateral aid can be arranged in a tournament to produce a sample. Many sports leagues make an annual sample of organizing the games in a regular season, followed in some cases by playoffs. Hundreds of sports exist, those of competitors only for those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. In some sports such as running, many competitors able to compete, one against the other, with a winner.
The sport is generally recognized as a system of activities based on physical athleticism or physical dexterity, the greatest competitions such as the Olympics only admitting sporting event this definition and other organizations such as the Council of Europe, classified as physical sport element. However, a number of competitive activities, but not physical, claim recognition as a mental sport. The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognizes both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international sports association, recognizes five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, many mind games that can be admitted as a sport .
Sports are usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition and allow for a uniform system of the winner. The victory can be determined by natural events such as having goals or crossing a line first. It can also be determined by judges who mark the elements of athletic performance, including objective or subjective measures, such as technical services or artistic impression.
Performance records are often maintained, and for the popular sports, this information may be widely announced or reported in sports news. Sport is also a great source of fun for the non-participants, spectators sport attracting large crowds in sports areas and expanding the public through the broadcast. Sports betting is highly regulated in some cases and in some cases is the sports center.
According to AT Kearney, a consulting firm, the global sports industry is worth up to $ 620 billion in 2013. The world is the most accessible and popular sport is running, while the Football Association’s most popular spectator of this sport.